Soccer essence of the game is played on predefined rules using a spherical ball. The two teams, composed of eleven players are trying to put the ball in the net of the opposing team bounded by two lateral and upper beam, thereby score. The team scored more goals late in the game is the winner; if both teams have equal number of goals, the match was even. Each team is led by captain and has one goalkeeper. The basic rule is that players other than goalkeepers may not deliberately touch the ball with their hands during the game, although use your hands when you resume the game with touch. They usually move the ball with the bottom of the feet, but they can use other parts of the body except the arms.
During the game, all players can move the ball in any direction and move freely in the playing field, but can not receive the ball in an offside position. Usually, players strive to create opportunities for scoring by individual ball control, passing the ball to a teammate and hit the door, which is kept by the opposing goalkeeper. Players on the other team try to establish control over the ball, intercepting passes and withdrawing it from the player who had possession, taking into account the rules that limit physical contact between opponents.
Football game run continuously, stopping only when the ball leaves the field of play or when stopped by the referee, but after such a break is restored in a certain way with the rules. For proper development of a football match traces judicial troika, which consists of a chief judge and two assistants to the chief who may be consulted. The two assistant judges are not allowed to make decisions for the principal. Judges serve with special flags that indicate the place of infringement. In most games there is a reserve judge who cares about the order of spare benches and notify change. If the chief judge can not perform his role he is replaced by the backup.
Players and equipment football team consists of 6 to 11 players – a goalkeeper and 10 field (and a number of reserve players according to the rules of the association). Most often, each team has a coach who has entrusted sports training team – permanently or in a specific tournament or competition. The main positions of the players on the field: Goalkeeper – the player who keeps the door can not be scored upon. He alone has the right to play with hands in the penalty area. The goalkeeper is sacrosanct in the “little box” and any action against him be punished violently. If the goalkeeper out of the box, he has no right to play with hands and assumes the status of an ordinary player.
Defenders (split on side full-backs, stoppers and central defenders) – their task is to defend the territory in front of his own door. The purpose of the lateral full-backs to break the main attack “wings” of the enemy, central line monitor enemy attackers and stoppers are the last barrier to the door. With the development of the game stoppers are used less and less. The term “protection” refers to tactics in the game adopted or imposed upon which aims to repel the enemy attack and protection of their door. Various game systems provide different numbers of defenders. Midfielders (More midfielders – split on the defensive, central and attacking as tasks and wings and central position according to the width of the field) – perform the tasks of the central part of the field. Defensive midfielders care to support the defense. Their main objective is to break the enemy attack in the middle of the field. Central midfielders are universal and participate both in attack and in defense.
Attackers support the strikers as quickly can increase the number of attacking players and to outsource properly forward ball. Forwards (Separate wings, light and heavy (rams) strikers) – provided the attacks of the team. The main goal of the attackers was celebrating the goal in the opponent’s goal. The wings (sometimes overlap with attacking midfielders) are primarily used to center the buckle to rams. Subtle assailants povratlivi and speed players who can avoid the actions of defense. Taranto most often stands in the forefront and waits pass from another player. Its main objective is finish. In theory Taranto most points to the score. Clothing futoblistite during the game includes: shirt number, shorts, socks (socks), shin guards and cleats.
Clothing goalkeeper must be distinguished by the color of the clothing of his teammates. The number of incidents is back and is a size 25 to 4 cm – from number one (goalie for Team) to 11 field players. By the Numbers 12 to 18 are marked spare (for a) competition players. In modern football is not necessarily the players who play on the field to wear numbers 1 to 11 and often happens on the field even if no players with those numbers. The largest number that can be used by the player is 99. Rules violations and terms of football Football is a ball game played by two teams, each of which consists of 6 to 11 players, each team seeks to score more goals than your opponent. The term goal is designated situation where the ball goes to full volume t. Pomegranate. Goal line and enter the door (it is located between two lateral beams and under the crossbar). Players in a team are divided into goalkeeper, defenders, midfielders (in English “midfielder” – player in midfield) and strikers.
Each position has certain functions – goalkeeper kept the door of goals and is right in the allotted around her box to play the ball with their hands; defenders goalie assist in protecting the door midfielders directing the game to the opponent’s goal but the attackers are trying to score goals (though not only you, but everyone can score). Football is played mostly with his legs (in English “foot” – “foot”, “foot”), but players can use absolutely any part of his body other than the hands to play with the ball. In handball, the opposing team gets a chance one of his players to perform free throw, and if this happens in adjacent to their door box, which kept the door player (goalkeeper) can play hands is awarded a penalty -`litse litse` into the goal – a direct strike on goal from 11 meters.
A football match lasts at least 90 minutes divided into two parts of 45 minutes at least 10-minute break between them. The coaches of the teams that define tactics and starting lineup can do for the entire match three (in some leagues to five) shifts of players available spare players. In principle it is possible tie but in meetings of direct elimination when it is necessary to determine the winner – then you can play two additional sections called sequels than 15 minutes without a break in between. Some rules in extra time can determine the winner before the end of the second 15 minutes if using the rule of “gold” or “silver goal”. If then the score is tied, penalty kicks are executed – 5 of every team. In another tie is implemented in a penalty from team to the winner. Yellow and red card Yellow Card Red Card yellow and red cards were introduced in 1970.
The yellow card is awarded to the player, to warn him about his admitted breach or non-compliance. Two yellow cards in one match awarded to the same player led to a red card by following the removal of the offending player off the pitch. The removal of the game is severe personal punishment of the guilty player who oronva his authority. Removed by a red card a player can not be replaced by a substitute. Usually all violations (tripping, grabbing the ball with his hand obstruction – the player has no intention to play the ball, but blocking the path of the opponent that had the ball, and this may be cause for violation) during the game are punished with certain cardboard. The most severe punishment of a player for a meeting is to receive one yellow and one straight red card. Corner (Corner, corner) Corner (English Corner, Angle) is awarded to the team about bringing the ball out their door and through it can be a goal. Corner is a type of static position in football. When the ball leaves the line of the defender team outside the door after her last played player of this team, the opposing team gets the right to carry a corner. An exception is made when the ball enters the goal and score.
The ball is placed in the corner that is closest to where the ball was out of play. This angle is where the line crosses the touchline. Arc these two lines conclude a radius of 1 yard. In fulfilling corner all players must be at a distance of at least 10 yards (9.15 meters) from the ball. Violation of this rule can lead to getting booked. The ball comes into play when it is kicked, and is therefore capable of movement. The corner can score. The player who performs corners, has only one contact with the ball, then you need another player to touch the ball. Violation of this rule shall be punished with an indirect free kick, while more serious offense – a free kick or a penalty. Touch Tachat (English Touch, touch, touch) is a football term that means returning the ball in play after its exit outside the boundaries of the field in one of two lateral longitudinal (touch) lines. Tachat runs by a player from the opposing team of the player who last touched the ball before it went out of the field. The ball is thrown with both hands above his head in the direction of preferred player to enter the game and the feet must be fixed. She returned to play from the place where she left court. The term “touch” comes from the English “touch”, which means “touch”. In touch no ambush, and if the ball enters the goal of the enemy without being touched by a player goal does not count.
Foul file has (English Foul, Violation) is a disorder in the football game, which can be done in any part of the field (except in the two penalty boxes). Foul is awarded provided that they violated rules football than a player by deliberately shoving, hitting, blocking, detention and other irregularities. Depending on the extent of the infringement, it can lead to yellow or red card to the offending player. Out Out (English Out, Outside) is called a situation where the ball is gone ( “with all my circle”) outside the boundaries of the field in the line, having previously been touched by a player of the attacking team. Goal Goal (English Goal, Goal) is called the hit the ball in protivnikonata door, provided that the ball has crossed the line. Goals scored wear points that determine the final result that is determined the winner. Penalty (penalty kick) penalty (French Douze pas, twelve steps, in English: Penalty, Penalty) is edinadesetmetrov penalty kick in a soccer game. The blow is performed by specially designated point inside the penalty area, located 11 meters (12 yards) wide. During the implementation of all the players except the contractor must be located outside of the box.
The goalkeeper should be standing on the goal line during a penalty shootout. If awarded a penalty at the end of halftime or meeting time should be extended to implementing impact. So far the impact of executing athlete no other player must not enter the box. Penalty runs after a signal from the referee whistle. Penalty is a complex today unexplored psychological enough time in the game – a specific value in football at all. Own Own is a term in football and other team sports, which means goal scored by a player in the door of his team. Ambush ambush (English: Off side, out of the game) is a punishable violation of the football game. One player ambushed when the distance between him and the goalkeeper is greater than the distance between him and the opponent’s goal and between him and it will be at least two opponents and goalkeeper. No offside when: The player is in “their” half of the field. Between him and the line of the opponent’s goal has at least two opponents (including the goalkeeper). Last (ie immediately before him) the ball is played opposing player. The ball is derived from a direct hit, or kick in a door, or by throwing touch (the side line), or when the ball is judge. When both feeding and receiving players behind enemy zashtita.Kogato three opposing players are in close proximity to took the ball (no more than 2m) ambush noted by the judge even feed the ball (ie before it be trained by the player who has caught offside). Ambush is when at the time of filing his ventured behind all the players of the opposing team.
Free kick Free Kick (English: Free kick, Freekick) is called the insertion of the ball game after violation of rules. The most often performed in the field outside the box near the two doors, but in some cases can be implemented in the box. Free hits are two types: Indirect free kick reasons for judgment of indirect free kick is rough play, crosses the opposing player, shoving, hitting and more. It is implemented by the place of the offense, which is given, unless in the box to the injured team – in this case, is executed from any point in the middle of the pitch, where he highlighted the violation. Indirect free kick can be performed in the penalty area the team whose player committed an infraction (if the goalkeeper catch the ball returned to the foot of the player from his team and others.)
At the discretion of the judge. In this position the team’s players committed a violation rank of the line at the door to prevent direct fire. A free kick free kick is awarded for an infringement outside the box and through direct can be scored. Upon execution, opposing players otdelechavat of 9.15 m. (10 yds *) from the player who executes it. Judged in gross violation of the rules. * 1 yards = 36 inches = 3 feet = 0.9144 m Paz Paz (English: Pass, Submitting) is called submission of the ball, knocking it to a teammate, and passes are short and long, depending on the distance. Gridiron plan standard football field since the rules were formulated in England and were originally recognized only by the four British football Authority, including the IFAB, the standard dimensions of a football field were expressed in imperial units. The dimensions now express themselves with approximate metric equivalents (followed by traditional units in brackets), although many English-speaking countries retain the old imperial units, as Velikobritaniyanaprimer.
The length of the field of international matches is in the range of 100-110 m, and the width is in the range of 64-75 m. Courses for non-international matches may be 91-120 m length and 45-91 m wide, if not to produce square. The outline along the right call or sidelines, while the width is named gollinii. The beam element of the door, which can be (in section) a round, oval or rectangular, but not thicker than 12 cm. The door is bounded by two vertical and one transverse beam space in which the goal is scored. It has a length of 7.32 meters (8 yards) and a height of 2.44 m. (8 feet) Doors shaped geometric rectangle placed in the middle of each goal line. The center line is the one that passes through the center of the field. The term box is marked territory the goal, representing a rectangle with side lines long by 16.5 meters (18 yards), each spaced 11 meters (12 yards) from the sideline of the field, joined by a line parallel to the line of door. The violations in this part of the field shall be punished most with a performance penalty. Rainbow is called to outline the box to ensure compliance with the rules for implementation of the penalty. The arc is part of a circle with a radius of 9.15 meters. (10 yds)
The central circle is of course a radius 9.15 m. (10 yards) geometrical center of this circle is the very center of a football field. Right of first punch has a lot opedeleniya player in whose implementation, opposing players go beyond the boundaries of the central circle. Angular field is prostranstvot terrain outlined arc with a radius of one meter arc and center – angular point. Angular arc emerges with a radius of one meter from the corner point, where is the place of performance of the corners or the so-called corner. Corner flag stuck in the corner of the field, high is about 150 cm. The flag (there are mean colored part of the flag, ie cloth) has dimensions of 40×60 cm and the mast is unpointed upper peak. The course can be maintained grassed special grass or with artificial grass that does not need maintenance. The lines, which delimit the field are yarkovidimi (mostly white in color) and with a thickness of 12 cm.